Gait training is an important aspect of physiotherapy. Gait or human locomotion is produced by coordinated movements of body segments as a whole. It is the forward progression of the body, based on the reciprocal movements of the legs. A normal human gait requires muscle power in the legs, trunk stability, proprioception, balance and vision. Pathological gait may be due to neurological or orthopaedic causes.
Gait training is important to correct the abnormal patterns during locomotion. It requires a complete assessment of the gait deviation cause based on determinants of gait analysis. Gait training includes
When both the legs of the person are weak.
Pattern : Right crutch – left foot, left crutch-right foot.
When the person can’t bear weight on one leg.
Pattern : Both crutches first. Then the affected
When the person can bear weight from hip to toes.
Pattern : Right foot-left crutch, left foot-right