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Rehabilitation Centre In Chennai / Get Directions / Give Feedback / Call Today +91-6379-133-621
Call Today +91-6379-133-621
18 Besant Road, Royapettah, Chennai - 600014
Open Hours - 24/7
Out patients/Day care Mon - Sat 8.30 - 5.30 pm
Call Today +91-6379-133-621
18 Besant Road, Royapettah, Chennai - 600014
Open Hours - 24/7
Out patients/Day care Mon - Sat 8.30 - 5.30 pm

PAIN MANAGEMENT

Life Begins When Pain Ends.

Pain Management

Pain is the unpleasant subjective sensory and emotional response to a stimulus, which causes actual or potential tissue damage. Different people perceive pain differently. Pain is a protective mechanism for the body which occurs whenever any tissue gets damaged. The stimulus which causes pain makes the individual react to it. They try to avoid it by altering their posture. Pain can have a somatic, neuropathic or a psychogenic origin.

Pain Management

Pain is the unpleasant subjective sensory and emotional response to a stimulus, which causes actual or potential tissue damage. Different people perceive pain differently. Pain is a protective mechanism for the body which occurs whenever any tissue gets damaged. The stimulus which causes pain makes the individual react to it. They try to avoid it by altering their posture. Pain can have a somatic, neuropathic or a psychogenic origin.

Causes of Pain

Pain can have a somatic, neuropathic or a psychogenic origin. But the specific causes may be

Bacteria, microbes, superbug, virus vector icons. Bacteria medicine and science biology virus infection, microscopic bacteria set illustration

Viral, Bacterial or Fungal

inflamatory

Inflammatory

Cancer cell icon. Simple illustration of cancer cell vector icon for web design isolated on white background

Cancer Pain

Parts of spinal cord - Diagrammic Explanation

Degenerative

ishemic

Ischemic

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Endocrine/Metabolic

Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune

trauma

Traumatic

Types of Pain

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Acute Pain

A symptom of underlying disease or trauma. It is localized, sharp and self-limiting. It lasts for 3 months.

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Chronic Pain

It lasts longer than 3 to 6 months. It is a pain that has lost its biological purpose. Hence it is different from acute pain.

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Acute Pain

A symptom of underlying disease or trauma. It is localized, sharp and self-limiting. It lasts for 3 months.

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Chronic Pain

It lasts longer than 3 to 6 months. It is a pain that has lost its biological purpose. Hence it is different from acute pain.

Aims of Pain Management

Identify and treat the organic cause.
Improve ability to cope with the pain.
Improve function—as measured by ADL.

When To Go For Medical Treatment?

Pain persists even after physical measures.
Neuropathic pain.
Pain due to Infection or inflammation.
Pain due to cancer.
Acute pain from injury or trauma.

Aims of Pain Management

Identify and treat the organic cause.
Improve ability to cope with the pain.
Improve function—as measured by ADL.

When To Go For Medical Treatment?

Pain persists even after physical measures.
Neuropathic pain.
Pain due to Infection or inflammation.
Pain due to cancer.
Acute pain from injury or trauma.

Treatment Based on Origin

Mechanical Origin
Go for manipulative procedures
e.g. corrective exercises, postural realignment.

Inflammatory Origin
Go for physical modalities
e.g. heat, cold, short-wave diathermy, ultrasound.

Treatment Based on Origin

Mechanical Origin
Go for manipulative procedures
e.g. corrective exercises, postural realignment.

Inflammatory Origin
Go for physical modalities
e.g. heat, cold, short-wave diathermy, ultrasound.

Therapeutic cold (cryotherapy) Ice packs, ice immersion, ice stroking.
Moist heat.
Interferential currents.
TENS.
Faradic and Galvanic currents.
EMG Biofeedback.
Ultrasound therapy.
Paraffin wax.

Cold
Reduces skin temperature.
Constriction of blood vessels.
Increases blood, water, and lipid viscosity.
Reduces muscle contraction.

Heat
Circulatory effect: Local hyperemia and reflex vasodilatation.
Analgesic effects: Soothing effect or marked sedative effect on the tissue.
Stretching effects: It stretches scars and adhesions prior to mobilization.
It leaves skin supple and moist by avoiding water evaporation.

Physical Agents/ Modalities Used

Therapeutic cold (cryotherapy) Ice packs, ice immersion, ice stroking.
Moist heat.
Interferential currents.
TENS.
Faradic and Galvanic currents.
EMG Biofeedback.
Ultrasound therapy.
Paraffin wax.

Physiological Effects

Cold
Reduces skin temperature.
Constriction of blood vessels.
Increases blood, water, and lipid viscosity.
Reduces muscle contraction.

Heat
Circulatory effect: Local hyperemia and reflex vasodilatation.
Analgesic effects: Soothing effect or marked sedative effect on the tissue.
Stretching effects: It stretches scars and adhesions prior to mobilization.
It leaves skin supple and moist by avoiding water evaporation.

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