Post-surgery rehabilitation is a specialized branch of medicine that helps patients regain function in their body after surgery. The surgery itself is needed after an injury or a medical condition. Physical medicine and rehabilitation generally encompasses a whole team of healthcare practitioners, not merely one doctor.
Rehabilitation after surgery or an injury helps a person recover bodily functions such as:
The fundamental goal of rehab therapy is to help people learn how to take care of themselves to the highest degree possible. Most often, the therapy teaches them basic tasks like:
- Using the bathroom
- Moving from the bed to the wheelchair and vice versa
Occasionally the target of physical rehabilitation is more complex and challenging. It requires a restoration of the complete function of one body part or more.
Surgeries of the bone and joints, such as those required after high-degree burns and limb amputation, also necessitate post-surgery rehabilitation.
Rehabilitation can be conducted in several settings. Typically, the first phase of recovery begins in a hospital when the patient is just recovering from an injury, surgery or illness. In a few cases, rehabilitation is started even before surgery is planned and performed.
Once the individual is strong enough to leave the hospital, then post-surgery rehabilitation is shifted to a specialised inpatient centre like HAMSA Rehab in Chennai. A medical rehabilitation centre becomes necessary when:
- There is a spinal cord injury.
- There is a severe brain injury, either from trauma or from a stroke.
- There are orthopaedic problems.
- Burn treatment is needed.
Besides a rehabilitation centre, post-surgery rehab can also take place in a skilled nursing facility. Irrespective of where the medical rehabilitation occurs, the recovering patient finally goes home, where the therapy is continued on an intermittent basis.
The person can either visit the office of their healthcare provider for the therapy, or the therapist can visit the patient’s home. At this stage, it is crucial for family members and other caregivers to provide support and help to the recovering person.
What Makes A Rehabilitation Team?
Rehabilitation requires a team approach. Instead of a single doctor, a team of health care professionals work alongside caregivers to help the patient. The doctors who are qualified to give physical medicine and rehabilitation receive at least 4 years of training in the field after completing medical school. They are known as physiatrists.
Besides physiatrists, a post-surgery rehab team may include: